devNotes 7-06-2017 EU Project References

Mercury Data

 

Mean distance from Sun:
0.387 AU = 5.79×107km
Maximum distance from Sun:
0.467 AU=6.98×107km
Minimum distance from Sun:
0.307 AU=4.60×107
Mean orbital velocity:
47.4 km/s
Siderial period:
87.969 days
Rotation period:
58.646 days
Inclination of equator to orbit:
Inclination of orbit to ecliptic:
7°00’16”
Orbital eccentricity:
0.206
Diameter(equatorial):
4878 km
Diameter (Earth = 1):
0.382
Apparent diameter from Earth:Max:
12.9″
Apparent diameter from Earth:Min:
4.5″
Mass:
3.3×1023 kg
Mass(Earth=1):
0.055
Mean density
5427 kg/m3
Surface gravity (Earth = 1)
0.38
Escape velocity
4.3 km/s
Oblateness
0
Mean surface temperature:day
350°C=662°F=623K
Mean surface temperature:night
-170°C=-274°F=103K
Albedo
0.1
Brightest magnitude
-1.9
Mean diameter of Sun from Mercury
1°22’40”

 

Mercury
Venus
Earth
Mars
Jupiter
Saturn
Uranus
Neptune
Pluto
Comparison Table

 

Venus Data

 

Mean distance from Sun:
0.723 AU = 1.082×108km
Maximum distance from Sun:
0.728 AU=1.089×108km
Minimum distance from Sun:
0.718 AU=1.075×108km
Mean orbital velocity:
35.0 km/s
Siderial period:
224.70 days
Rotation period:
243.01 days
Retrograde
Inclination of equator to orbit:
177.4°
Inclination of orbit to ecliptic:
3°23’40”
Orbital eccentricity:
0.007
Diameter(equatorial):
12,104 km
Diameter (Earth = 1):
0.949
Apparent diameter from Earth:Max:
65.2″
Apparent diameter from Earth:Min:
9.5″
Mass:
4.87×1024 kg
Mass(Earth=1):
0.8150
Mean density
5240 kg/m3
Surface gravity (Earth = 1)
0.903
Escape velocity
10.4 km/s
Oblateness
0
Mean surface temperature
480°C=900°F=750K
Albedo
0.65
Brightest magnitude
-4.4
Mean diameter of Sun from Venus
44’15”

 

Mercury
Venus
Earth
Mars
Jupiter
Saturn
Uranus
Neptune
Pluto
Comparison Table

 

Earth Data

 

Mean distance from Sun:
1.000 AU = 1.496×108km
Maximum distance from Sun:
1.017 AU=1.521×108km
Minimum distance from Sun:
0.983 AU=1.471×108km
Mean orbital velocity:
29.8 km/s
Siderial period:
365.256 days
Rotation period:
23.9345 hours
Inclination of equator to orbit:
23° 27′
Inclination of orbit to ecliptic:
Orbital eccentricity:
0.0167
Diameter(equatorial):
12,756 km
Mass:
5.976×1024 kg
Mean density
5500 kg/m3
Escape velocity
11.2 km/s
Oblateness
0.0034
Mean surface temperature
20°C=68°F=293K
Surface temperature:max
60°C=140°F=333K
Surface temperature:min
-90°C=-130°F=183K
Albedo*
0.39
Brightest magnitude
-1.9
Mean diameter of Sun from Earth
0°32′

 

 

Mars Data

Mean distance from Sun:
1.524 AU = 2.279×108km
Maximum distance from Sun:
1.666 AU=2.491×108km
Minimum distance from Sun:
1.382 AU=2.067×108km
Mean orbital velocity:
24.1 km/s
Siderial period:
686.98 days
1.88 yrs
Rotation period:
24hr 37m 23s
Inclination of equator to orbit:
25° 11′
Inclination of orbit to ecliptic:
1°50’59”
Orbital eccentricity:
0.093
Diameter(equatorial):
6794 km
Diameter (Earth = 1):
0.532
Apparent diameter from Earth:Max:
25.7″
Apparent diameter from Earth:Min:
3.5″
Mass:
6.42×1023 kg
Mass(Earth=1):
0.107
Mean density
3940 kg/m3
Surface gravity (Earth = 1)
0.380
Escape velocity
5.0 km/s
Oblateness
0.006
Surface temperature:max
20°C=68°F=293K
Surface temperature:min
-140°C=-220°F=133K
Albedo
0.15
Brightest magnitude
-2.0
Mean diameter of Sun from Mars
21′

Moon distance from earth – 384,400 km

Moon Diameter – 3474 km

Jupiter Data

Mean distance from Sun:
5.203 AU = 7.786×108km
Maximum distance from Sun:
5.455 AU=8.157×108km
Minimum distance from Sun:
4.951 AU=7.409×108km
Mean orbital velocity:
13.1 km/s
Siderial period:
11.86 yr
Rotation period:
9hr 50m 30s
equatorial
Inclination of equator to orbit:
3° 04′
Inclination of orbit to ecliptic:
1°18′
Orbital eccentricity:
0.048
Diameter(equatorial):
142,984 km
133,500 km polar
Diameter (Earth = 1):
11.19
10.47 polar
Apparent diameter from Earth:Max:
50.1″
Apparent diameter from Earth:Min:
30.4″
Mass:
1.90×1027 kg
Mass(Earth=1):
317.8
Mean density
1326 kg/m3
Surface gravity (Earth = 1)
2.53
Escape velocity
59.5 km/s
Oblateness
0.065
Mean surface temperature:cloudtops
-110°C=-166°F=163K
Albedo
0.52
Brightest magnitude
-2.7
Mean diameter of Sun from Jupiter
6’09”

Mercury
Venus
Earth
Mars
Jupiter
Saturn
Uranus
Neptune
Pluto
Comparison Table

 

Saturn Data

Mean distance from Sun:
9.582 AU = 1.433×109km
Maximum distance from Sun:
10.044 AU=1.503×109km
Minimum distance from Sun:
9.014 AU=1.348×109km
Mean orbital velocity:
9.6 km/s
Siderial period:
29.41 years
Rotation period:
10 h 13m 59s
10h 39m 25s internal
Inclination of equator to orbit:
27°
Inclination of orbit to ecliptic:
2°29′
Orbital eccentricity:
0.054
Diameter(equatorial):
120,536 km
107,000 polar
Diameter (Earth = 1):
9.26
8.27 polar
Apparent diameter from Earth:Max:
20.9″
Apparent diameter from Earth:Min:
15″
Mass:
5.69×1026 kg
Mass(Earth=1):
95.1
Mean density
687 kg/m3
Surface gravity (Earth = 1)
1.07
Escape velocity
35.5 km/s
Oblateness
0.108
Mean surface temperature:cloudtops
-180°C=-292°F=93K
Albedo
0.76
Brightest magnitude
-0.3
Mean diameter of Sun from Saturn
3’22”

 

Uranus Data

Mean distance from Sun:
19.20 AU = 2.873×109km
Maximum distance from Sun:
20.07 AU=3.003×109km
Minimum distance from Sun:
18.31 AU=2.739×109km
Mean orbital velocity:
6.8 km/s
Siderial period:
84.04 years
Rotation period:
17.2 hours
Inclination of equator to orbit:
97.9°
Inclination of orbit to ecliptic:
0.77°
Orbital eccentricity:
0.046
Diameter(equatorial):
51,118 km
Diameter (Earth = 1):
4.01
Apparent diameter from Earth:Max:
3.7″
Apparent diameter from Earth:Min:
3.1″
Mass:
8.68×1025 kg
Mass(Earth=1):
14.5
Mean density
1271 kg/m3
Surface gravity (Earth = 1)
0.92
Escape velocity
21.3 km/s
Oblateness
0.03
Mean surface temperature:cloudtops
-216°C=-357°F=57K
Albedo
0.51
Brightest magnitude
+5.6
Mean diameter of Sun from Uranus
1’41”

Mercury
Venus
Earth
Mars
Jupiter
Saturn
Uranus
Neptune
Pluto
Comparison Table

Data from Kaufmann

Neptune Data

Mean distance from Sun:
30.05 AU = 4.495×109km
Maximum distance from Sun:
30.36 AU=4.546×109km
Minimum distance from Sun:
29.76 AU=4.456×109km
Mean orbital velocity:
5.4 km/s
Siderial period:
163.72 years
Rotation period:
16.11 hours
Inclination of equator to orbit:
29.6°
Inclination of orbit to ecliptic:
1.77°
Orbital eccentricity:
0.01
Diameter(equatorial):
49,528 km
Diameter (Earth = 1):
3.88
Apparent diameter from Earth:Max:
2.2″
Apparent diameter from Earth:Min:
2.0″
Mass:
1.03×1026 kg
Mass(Earth=1):
17.1
Mean density
1638 kg/m3
Surface gravity (Earth = 1)
1.12
Escape velocity
23.5 km/s
Oblateness
0.026
Mean surface temperature:cloudtops
-216°C=-357°F=57K
Albedo
0.35
Brightest magnitude
+7.7
Mean diameter of Sun from Neptune
1’04”

 

 

http://pluto.jhuapl.edu/Participate/learn/What-We-Know.php?link=The-Basics

 

Pluto Data

 

Mean distance from Sun:
39.48 AU = 5.906×109km
Maximum distance from Sun:
49.33 AU=7.380×109km
Minimum distance from Sun:
29.73 AU=4.447×109km
Mean orbital velocity:
4.74 km/s
Siderial period:
247.93 years
Rotation period:
6.3874 days
Inclination of equator to orbit:
122°
Inclination of orbit to ecliptic:
17.1°
Orbital eccentricity:
0.248
Diameter(equatorial):
2370 km
Diameter (Earth = 1):
0.18
Apparent diameter from Earth:
0.1″
Mass:
1.46×1022 kg
Mass(Earth=1):
0.00245
Mean density
2095 kg/m3
Surface gravity (Earth = 1)
0.06
Escape velocity
1.3 km/s
Mean surface temperature:
-223°C=-369°F=50K
Albedo
0.4
Brightest magnitude
+15
Mean diameter of Sun from Pluto
50″

 

Mercury
Venus
Earth
Mars
Jupiter
Saturn
Uranus
Neptune
Pluto
Comparison Table

 

 

Data from Kaufmann

 

https://www.assetstore.unity3d.com/en/#!/content/16139

 

 

149,598,000

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